Freedom of movement is one of the human rights guaranteed by the Kingdom's laws. Article 36 of the Basic Law stipulates: "The State shall provide security to all its citizens and residents. A person's actions may not be restricted, nor may he be detained or imprisoned, except under the provisions of the Law." With regard to the ban on travel, Paragraph (2) of Article (6) of the Travel Documents Law promulgated by Royal Decree no. (M/24), dated 28/05/1421H, corresponding to 29/8/2000 states that travel may not be banned except by judicial ruling or by a decision issued by the Minister of Interior for specific reasons of security and for a specified period. In both cases, the person banned from travel must be notified not later than one week from the issuing date of the ruling or the decision banning him from travelling.
Within the framework of the right to movement, the Royal Decree no. (M/134), dated 27/11/1440H, was recently issued approving the amendment of a number of laws, including the Travel Documents Law. The amendments included equality between men and women in terms of the requirements for obtaining passports.
In addition, the Royal Order no. 905, dated 6/1/1439H, corresponding to 26 September 2017, was issued, approving the application of the provisions of the Traffic Law and its Implementing Regulations, including the issuance of driving licenses for both males and females alike.
The Kingdom's laws have guaranteed the right of expatriate workers to move freely and without restrictions. The Council of Ministers Resolution no. 166, dated 12/7/1421H, affirmed the right of expatriate workers to retain their passports and those of their families and their right to move within the Kingdom without any restriction provided that he holds a legal residency permit. The same Resolution also indicated that all the procedures related to the expatriate worker's family members in connection with issuing residency permits or travel and return visas to them are to be undertaken by the worker himself.