The right to life is the foundation of all rights in the system of human rights; it is the pillar on which all other human rights stand. Islamic Shariah (law) has given a special concern to the right to life as it makes the act of killing one person equal to the killing of all mankind and that of saving a person's life equivalent to saving the lives of all mankind. Allah says in the Holy Quran: "if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land, it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind." Islamic Shariah has set fair, and simultaneously deterrent, punishments to those who violate the right to life. It is well known that the provisions derived from Islamic Shariah are primarily aimed at preserving the "five essentials" of human existence, on the top of which comes the preservation of life.
Accordingly, the Basic Law of Governance and the laws derived from it contain provisions that protect and promote such right, including provisions relating to the judicial aspect as the main guarantor for the protection of this right, and other provisions related to security, as contained in Articles (26, 36 & 38) of the Basic Law of Governance. The right to life also intersects with a number of other human rights, such as the right to health, the right to social security and social insurance.