Article (22) of the Basic Law of Governance states: "Economic and social development shall be achieved according to a just scientific plan." Saudi Arabia has adopted a development approach as a way to improve the standard of living and quality of life of its citizens along with ensuring a fair and equitable distribution of the returns of development. The Kingdom's strategies have likened the contents of the right to development to the development plans. In this respect, the Saudi Vision 2030 was issued and adopted by Council of Ministers Resolution No. (308), dated 18/7/1437H, corresponding to 25/04/2016, to be a methodology defining public policies, programs and initiatives, and employing the capabilities and natural resources of the Kingdom across three axes: "a vibrant society, a thriving economy and an ambitious nation". Each axis comprises several objectives varying in their direct or indirect relationship to human rights, as well as explicitly and implicitly addressing several human rights, notably the right to security, health and employment; the rights of women, children, persons with disabilities and elderly people; the right to development; the right to political and public participation; the establishment and support of associations; and an additional number of other social and economic rights. Under this ambitious Vision, many programs, procedures and executive measures have been launched to achieve its goals by the year 2030.
Twelve programs were adopted to achieve Saudi Vision 2030, including: Diouf Al-Rahman (Guests of the Lord), the National Transformation Program, the Public Investment Fund, the National Industries and Logistics Development Program, the Financial Sector Development Program, the Lifestyle Improvement Program, the National Entrepreneurship Program, the Strategic Partnership Program, the Housing Program, the Privatization Program, the Saudi Personal Enhancement Program, and the Fiscal Balance Program. For more information on these programs, please visit the Saudi Vision 2030 website at: http://vision2030.gov.sa/en.
The efforts taken to achieve sustainable development culminated in the issuance of Council of Ministers Resolution No. (308), dated 18/7/1437H, corresponding to 25/04/2016, approving the "Saudi Vision 2030", which comprises development plans and programs covering a wide range of economic and social sectors. The Vision seeks to make the Kingdom a pioneering and successful global model of excellence on all fronts. The principal means and mechanisms by which the Vision will be realized include the launch of specific programs, including the Government Restructuring Program, Strategic Directions Program, Regulations Review Program, Performance Assessment Program and National Transformation Program. Saudi Vision 2030 has a close connection to human rights; it addresses a number of human rights explicitly, notably the right to security, the right to health, the right to education and training and the right to work, as well as protection of the family, empowerment of women, enhancing participation in political and public life, freedom to form and support associations, and the right to participate in cultural, sporting and leisure activities.
In order to build the necessary capacities and resources to achieve the ambitious goals of Saudi Arabia's Vision 2030, the Council of Ministers Resolution No. (362), dated 1/9/1437H, corresponding to 7/6/2016 was issued to approve the National Transformation Program 2020. The program will be implemented in its first year in 24 government agencies operating in the economic and development sectors. It includes strategic objectives linked to interim targets covering up to 2020. The first stage of initiatives was launched in 2016 to achieve such objectives and targets, to be followed each year by other stages covering other agencies. The program uses innovative means to identify challenges and seize opportunities. It uses effective tools for planning, the promotion of private-sector participation, implementation and performance evaluation. Its interim targets for achieving several strategic objectives have been developed so as to build an effective base for sustainable government activity based on innovative methods for planning, implementation and follow-up at the national level.